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Gender variations in the Relations among Patriarchal Beliefs, Parenting and Teen union Violence in Mexican Adolescents

By February 11, 2021 No Comments

Gender variations in the Relations among Patriarchal Beliefs, Parenting and Teen union Violence in Mexican Adolescents

Guadalupe Espinoza

University of Ca, L . A .

Audrey Hokoda

Hillcrest State University

Emilio C. Ulloa

North Park State University

Monica D. Ulibarri

University of Ca, North Park

Donna Castaneda

San Diego State University


Teen relationship physical violence is just a phenomenon that is global with undesirable results. As in other countries, teen relationship violence is of concern in Mexico. Nevertheless, few studies have analyzed the danger and protective facets of teen relationship violence among Mexican adolescents. The present research examined whether patriarchal values and contact with authoritarian parenting among Mexican adolescents are connected with perpetration and victimization of real and verbal-emotional teenager relationship violence. 2 hundred and four pupils (15 – 18 years of age) from Monterrey, Mexico finished questionnaires. Hierarchical regression analyses managing for age unveiled that among girls, authoritarian parenting had been connected with real and verbal-emotional victimization and violence perpetration that is verbal-emotional. Among guys, greater recommendation of patriarchal values ended up being connected with reduced reports of real perpetration and victimization that is physical.

Relationship physical physical physical violence is an important social and wellness concern impacting numerous adolescents. a big percentage of studies on relationship violence have actually mainly dedicated to college-aged White populations ( e.g., Harned, 2001; Jackson, 1999; Luthra & Gidycz, 2006) or maybe more generally speaking on U.S. and Canadian adolescents (Lewis & Fremouw, 2001). Nevertheless, an evergrowing human body of research with examples away from the united states declare that teenager relationship violence (TRV) is a phenomenon that is globalConnolly et al., 2010; Gover, Park, Tomsich, & Jennings, 2011; Schiff & Zeira, 2005).

A small number of studies suggest that relationship partner physical violence can also be common in Mexico. Even though it is actually hard to draw cross-national evaluations in prevalence prices because of various definitions of just what constitutes TRV (and differing implications for the construct which can be certain to every nation) or various time structures utilized to measure TRV across studies ( ag e.g., final thirty days versus a year ago), a report of university students across 31 universities in 16 nations ( e.g., U.S., Canada, Mexico, Australia) assists illuminate the significance of studying TRV in Mexico (Straus, 2004). Outcomes unveiled that throughout the 31 areas, college pupils from Mexico reported the 2nd rate that is highest of general attack perpetration ( ag e.g., pressed or shoved my partner) with 42% reporting actually assaulting a dating partner within the last one year. More over, in a report of nearly 8,000 Mexican youth (many years 11 – 24), Rivera-Rivera and peers (2007) reported prevalence rates which range from 4% to 23per cent for victimization and perpetration of both real and mental violence. In specific, girls reported somewhat more victimization of mental physical violence than guys (9.4% and 8.6%, respectively), although men reported greater assault victimization than girls (22.7% and 9.9%, correspondingly). With regard to perpetration of physical physical violence, roughly 20% of boys and girls reported perpetrating violence that is physical and more or less 4% of girls and boys reported perpetrating mental violence within their dating relationships. More over, dating physical physical violence against Mexican ladies has been confirmed to be related to greater probability of victims reporting despair, alcoholic abuse, and bad educational performance (Rivera-Rivera, Allen, Rodriguez-Ortega, Chávez-Ayala, & Lazcano-Ponce, 2006). Despite proof that dating and violence that is domestic a predominant problem in Mexico, few studies ( e.g., Antônio & Hokoda, 2009; Clarey, Hokoda, & Ulloa, 2010; Rivera-Rivera et al., 2007) have actually analyzed risk and protective facets related to TRV perpetration and victimization among girls and boys. The existing study examines two influential facets in Mexican tradition that research within the U.S. has associated with relationship physical physical physical violence but that remain unstudied in Mexico: patriarchal beliefs and authoritarian parenting.

Offered the high prevalence of dating and violence that is domestic Mexico (Rivera-Rivera et al., 2007), and limited research examining TRV among adolescents in Mexico, it really is clear that there surely is a need for empirical investigations regarding TRV as well as its linked risk and protective facets in Mexican adolescents. The study that is current the prevalence of TRV victimization and perpetration among an example of Mexican teenagers during belated adolescence. Our focus is on belated adolescence since it is a vital developmental phase whenever youth start to form more intimate relationships with peers and so, can also be enough time whenever physical physical violence likely happens in dating relationships (Gorman-Smith, Tolan, Sheidow, & Henry, 2001; Smith, White, & Holland, 2003). In addition, the existing research will examine patriarchal thinking and authoritarian parenting in relationship to perpetration and victimization of two forms of physical physical violence: real and violence that is verbal-emotional. Previous research suggests that associations with TRV may vary for women and guys among adolescents through the U.S. and Canada (Callahan, Tolman, & Saunders, 2003; Sears, Byers, & cost, 2007). A few distinct links emerged for example, Callahan and colleagues (2003) found that although relationship violence victimization was associated with lower psychological well-being for both adolescent boys and girls. This is certainly, among guys the regularity of victimization ended up being related to anxiety, despair and posttraumatic anxiety whereas for women, regularity of victimization was just connected with dissociation (accounting for settings). In a research perpetration that is examining of, alcohol usage predicted perpetration just among girls and keeping attitudes which are accepting of dating physical violence predicted perpetration just among men (Foshee, Linder, MacDougall, & Bangdlwala, 2001). These studies highlight that factors which either increase or decrease the possibilities of participation in TRV might differ for girls and boys. Consequently, when you look at the present research we will examine whether associations between patriarchal opinions and authoritarian parenting and TRV differ by sex among Mexican adolescents.

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